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The Pueblo Indians revolt
Enough is enough! After years of mistreatment at
the hands of various unscrupulous Governors, the Pueblo Indians revolted
in August, 1680. On the 10th of that month, an organized attack was
made on the city of Santa Fe and outlying ranches. Trying to wipe out
any vestige of all that represented the Spaniards in their midst, they
wildly attacked anyone in their path. No one was spared! Twenty one
Franciscan Priests were martyred throughout the territory, and are today
honored at Martyr's Hill in Santa Fe. Other people were killed
as well, and the rest fled the city. The Church of the Assumption was
burned down by the Indians, but not before the faithful risked their
lives saving the image of Our Lady of the Rosary. The people just took
what they could, in most instances very little, just the clothes on
their backs, and fled until they finally found refuge in El Paso, Texas,
some three hundred miles away. There they met up with other refugees
from the ranches around
These dear people were in exile for thirteen long years, from 1680 to 1693. They were the ones who kept the Faith, and kept the morale of the community going. Old people died and children were born during that time. They still held on to the devotion to their Lady, their Conquistadora. She had conquered their hearts and their souls. They had been faithful to Her; She would take care of them. And She did. There were times during those hard years when Our Lord Jesus and their Conquistadora were all they had to hold on to. But they did hold on. We're sure that they prayed in petition for a hero to rescue them from their plight. And there were times when it seemed like it would never happen.
But they always had faith in the Lady. And she did not let them down. A hero was sent from Spain to be their champion, General Don Diego de Vargas. He was made the new Governor of the people in exile. It was time for his people to return to the land their grandparents had fought for. He gently walked among the Pueblo Indians, carrying a banner bearing Our Lady's picture on it, to Whom he gave full credit for his successful, bloodless victory. His action was to get the Pueblo Indians in Santa Fe to release the city of Santa Fe and its surroundings back to the Spanish. But he was not like the other Governors they had to contend with. He was a gentle man; he was a fair man. He spoke to them with his soothing voice and pleasing personality, and they could see in him a Governor whom they could live with, who would not mistreat them as Governors in the past had done. And so in September, 1692, he and his troops marched into Santa Fe for a meeting with the Pueblo Indians. He gained their trust, and they agreed to turn over Santa Fe to the people. He continued on to the other Pueblos, and was successful in getting the cooperation of the Indians there as well.
There was great joy in the refugee camps they had lived in, three hundred miles away from their home. When Don Diego returned and advised them that they would finally go home after thirteen years in exile, he gave all credit to La Conquistadora for the bloodless victory they had been given, as the Indians had agreed to return the city to the Spanish without one shot being fired. Don Diego de Vargas vowed that as soon as they were safely back in Santa Fe, he would build a new and more beautiful church for their Queen, La Conquistadora. And so they gathered their belongings and headed back to Santa Fe, with their Queen, to Whom Governor Diego de Vargas had given the title: "Queen and Patroness of the Kingdom and of the Villa of the Holy Faith." They were going home.
There is only one sad part of this triumphant return to Santa Fe. It took them too long. By the time they completed the arduous journey from El Paso to Santa Fe, winter was upon them. On December 16, General Don Diego, his men and the Franciscans arrived at the gates of the city. But it was too cold for the Indians to leave. Where would they go in this weather? Meanwhile, they had gathered strength from other Indians in the surrounding area. And so they locked the Spaniards out! They made many excuses why they could not leave, and General de Vargas accepted most of them graciously. But when his people had been left out in the freezing cold for twelve days and the Indians were now saying they had no intention of leaving, the General knew what he had to do.
General Don Diego had complete faith in Our Lady. He prayed before the makeshift Shrine set up for Her outside the city walls. He and all his men went to Confession, and turned the entire campaign over to the intercession of La Conquistadora. Then they went into battle to retrieve the city, which had been promised to them peacefully. Meanwhile the people, waiting in the freezing cold to return to their city, began a Rosary crusade in that little section which today houses the Rosario, the little Chapel built in remembrance of that time in 1693, when they waited in the freezing cold winter for Our Lady to give General Diego de Vargas victory.
They prayed! General de Vargas stormed the city walls with his troops, but they were held back by the strength of the Indians. However, after a full day of battle, just before daybreak of the next day, the Indians were finally overcome by the Spaniards, and the city belonged to them. The battle was over. Upon his triumphant return to the little camp, they had set up on the outskirts of town, General de Vargas gave complete credit to Our Lady, La Conquistadora. He gave her a bastón, a military officer's stick, and renewed his vow to seat her again in a place of honor, by building a proper church for her where the Church of the Assumption had stood. He also wanted to initiate a fiesta in honor of the peaceful victory of September 1692.
The Church was built, but not during his lifetime. The Fiesta came also, but again, not during his lifetime. But he had put the wheels into motion. The Cathedral of St. Francis was built over the remains of the little Church of the Assumption that Fr. Benavides built in 1625. A small Chapel had been built in honor of La Conquistadora right after the victory, but it was then replaced by a proper Chapel, which is today part of the Cathedral of Santa Fe.
 Taken from article: Queen of the Southwest by Fray Angelico Chavez
Our Lady of Peace
Taped at Shrine in Santa Fe, New Mexico during Festival
Witness the Church alive in Sante Fe, New Mexico.
Visit the oldest shrine to Our Lady in the United States, dating back to 1625.
Be part of themagnificent procession which takes place each year in June.
Learn about the devotion and miracles attributed to La Conquistadora, Our Lady of the Rosary, Our Lady of Peace.
Witness the ardor and devotion of the people, as thousandstake part in this celebration of Our Lady.
See the image of Our Lady, and Her over 300 outfits.For English DVD click below - $19.95 - 30 Minutes
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These videos were taken from Bob and Penny Lords book, "The Many Faces of Mary, a love story."
Track Mother Marys apparitions from the 16th century until today, how every one of her apparitions were for a specific purpose.
In times of crisis, we turn to our Mother and she always answers us.
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